Teaching the alphabet is the first step to reading. The following are some ideas to help parents teach the alphabet to their children.
Children pick up on what is important to you very quickly. If books and reading are an important part of your life, they are going to assume that it is important in life. Let them know you enjoy reading. Have books around. Build your own personal library and their library of age appropriate books.
Take time from your busy day to sit down and read to them. This shows your children both that they are important to you and that reading is fun and important. Make it a relaxing time, a time they look forward to - not a time of angry words if they don’t sit quietly. Be relaxed and go with the flow. If you lose their attention, try again the next day with a different book.
You can read to them even when they are too young to understand what you are saying. They will know and appreciate your voice.
Choose books that are appropriate for their age and interest. Don’t choose books that talk down to children. Some children’s authors seem to write silly nonsense, thinking that is what children would like. Basically, if a book doesn’t hold your attention, it probably won’t hold your child’s attention either.
“The child as a reader is neither to be patronized nor idolized: we talk to him as man to man...we must of course try to do [children] no harm: we may, under the Omnipotence, sometimes hope that we may do them good. But only such good as involves treating them with respect.... Once in a hotel dining-room I said, rather too loudly, ‘I loathe prunes.’ ‘So do I,’ came an unexpected six-year-old voice from another table. Sympathy was instantaneous. Neither of us thought it funny. We both knew that prunes are far too nasty to be funny. That is the proper meeting between man and child as independent personalities.” C.S. Lewis quoted in Letters To Children, pg. 4
“I don’t think age matters so much as people think. Parts of me are still 12, and I think other parts were already 50 when I was 12.” C.S. Lewis quoted in Letters To Children, inside cover.
Also, be very attentive to the content of the book. Even books for very young children often have hidden agendas and are pushing a sexual, political, and/or anti-religious viewpoints. Your child is going to believe what you tell him or her - make sure it is the truth and reflects your own moral choices.
Learn to turn off the TV! It dulls the imagination. Try to invest the time in reading and try to do it the same time every day [or week]. Consistency helps to build anticipation and excitement.
As mentioned above, when teaching the alphabet, make it fun. Lots of smiles and laughter - no frowns. Let your child know that this is the first exciting step to learning to read for themselves!
One of the best ways of teaching the alphabet is to sing the alphabet song. Sing it as you go around house and get them to sing it with you. You will be surprised at how quickly they will know the entire alphabet in the correct order. Even if you sing off-tune [like me], it is still fun and it will be teaching the alphabet to them.
After you have finished teaching the alphabet to your child, if you want to teach them to read yourself, keep these things in mind.
Teach your child the sounds of the letters and how to put them together to make words. Never have them memorize the words. Always sound out the words. You will be teaching them a vital reading skill.
Star charts are an excellent tool for motivation. “KISS [Keep It Super Simple]” is a good guideline. Perfect looking charts are not important to your child, but having a small reward for some aspect of success is. Dollar stores carry an abundance of inexpensive stickers. Use a variety of them so there is always something new and different! If you are working with an older child, don’t assume that stickers are “beyond” them. They will appreciate them, too!
Make sure you use lots of praise. Encourage your child when they get it right. When they make a mistake, don’t correct them directly. Instead of saying, “That’s wrong”, try ,”You’re on the the right track, but let’s try it this way.”
How long should you teach for? The answer to that depends on the age and attention span of your child. Anywhere from 10 minutes to 1 hour at a time will work. Watch for signs of restlessness or inattention. This is a good cue that it is either time for a short break or to end the session for the day. Remember, you want to make this a fun time that they look forward to.
Try to keep your teaching at the same time each day. This establishes a routine and creates anticipation for the child. Turn off the TV and computer [good ideas at anytime!] during your learning session. Soft background instrumental music is soothing and often mutes other distracting noise. Make sure you won’t be interrupted - let the answering machine/voice mail get the phone. This is a special time between you and your child.
It is important to know when to take a break from your reading teaching session. If your child becomes antsy or fidgety, stop and suggest an exercise, like jumping jacks. Do five with them, after all, they are reading with you!
About the middle of your session [if it is 20 minutes or more] take a 5 minute break for a special snack. Bathroom duty may also be needed. This gives them something to look forward to and it refreshes their mind for the last half of your session.
As always, Academic Associates of Vernon and the world is available to help your child learn to read. We are not a tutoring program, but a complete course which will take your child from learning all the letter sounds to reading well in 30 - 60 hours, on average. Sign up for our complete reading program now.